what was the ruf

The "radical intellectual" roots of the RUF were extinguished in its first year of operation, and its brutal attacks on civilians stand in contradiction to its ostensible aim of creating a "revolutionary egalitarian system". Attempting to copy the ethnic incitement that had served Charles Taylor well in Liberia, the RUF at first targeted Fula and Madingo traders, murdering more than 100 in its first two months of operations. Revolutionary United Front (RUF) insurgents, who fought successive governments since 1991, completed disarmament and demobilization. script.setAttribute("src", "//www.npttech.com/advertising.js"); In May 1997, a group of soldiers attacked the central jail, releasing the coup plotters and an estimated 600 criminals. However, counter to what he promised, Sankoh used the funds, not for the citizens, but to buy military supplies for Taylor and himself. Within a month, it had taken control of much of the diamond-producing eastern region of Sierra Leone. A small donation would help us keep this accessible to all. Sankoh has not responded verbally since his first Special Court hearing earlier this month. President Kabbah fled and Major Johnny Paul Koroma, freed in the prison break, became head the Armed Forces Revolutionary Council (AFRC). }, Page last modified: It gradually became unclear who was responsible for a particular ambush. In 2005, with the RUF essentially disbanded, it is unknown exactly how many former members still exist. )– African American History: Research Guides & Websites, Global African History: Research Guides & Websites, African Americans and the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, The Alma Stephenson Dever Page on Afro-britons, With Pride: Uplifting LGBTQ History On Blackpast, Preserving Martin Luther King County’s African American History, Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs), Envoys, Diplomatic Ministers, & Ambassadors, African American Newspapers, Magazines, and Journals. At one of Gadhafi's rebel training camps, Sankoh met Charles Taylor, then leader of the National Patriotic Front for Liberia, and future president of Liberia and future ally of Sankoh. The RUF was created by Foday Sankoh along with allies that included Abu Kanu, Rashid Mansaray, and most of the Mende ethnic group in the southern and eastern provinces of the country. Only a tiny fraction of Sierra Leonean youth has joined the RUF of their own volition. 〈http://www.sierra-leone.org/footpaths.html〉 (accessed October 3, 2005). "Revolutionary United Front (RUF)." During 2001, reports of serious abuses by the RUF declined significantly. United Front/Sierra Leone" Journal of Modern African A UN Special Court for Sierra Leone set up in 2002 indicted five leading members of the RUF, including Sankoh and associates, Sam Bockarie, Issa Hassan Sesay, Morris Kallon, and Augustine Gbao for war crimes. What does RUF mean? Before the rebels were beaten back, large parts of the city were burned and 3,000 children were abducted as they retreated. The origins of the RUF began in Libya between the years 1987 and 1988 when a group of Sierra Leoneans received guerilla training under the regime of Muammar el-Qaddafi, the Libyan revolutionary leader. In May 2002, the RUF—under the name Revolutionary United Front Party (RUFP)—entered the May 2002 presidential elections, but performed poorly in the results. Foday Sankoh was a former army corporal and photographer who had been jailed for seven years for alleged implication in the 1971 coup plot against Siaka Stevens. Public hearings were also held during the day for three other indictees -- alleged RUF commanders Issa Hassan Sesay and Morris Kallon, and alleged junta commander Alex Tamba Brima, who each face seventeen count indictments. The tactics of the RUF were largely very effective against enemy forces due to the flexibility of its structure, along with the brutality it constantly used with civilian and military opponents as a way to maintain control of its strongholds. He has been successful at bringing in foreign financial and technical assistance to the country. HISTO…, Sirleaf, Ellen Johnson 〈http://www.statehouse-sl.org/biodata.html〉 (accessed October 3, 2005). Information and translations of RUF in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. However, the peace negotiations unexpectedly gave Sankoh more legitimacy with his cause. This was matched by the continued and dramatic growth in unemployed and disaffected youth who had became socialized in a climate of violence, drugs and criminality. The experienced EO troops succeeded in removing the RUF out of the capital of Freetown. Sankoh was arrested in 2000 by British and Guinean forces outside his Freetown home. In March 1996, Sierra Leone held its first multi-party election in over twenty years. Sankoh repeatedly broke the agreement and continued his violence during the next two years. It partnered largely with Liberia's former rebel leader and president, Charles Taylor. MIGRATION He was released two years later, returned to Sierra Leone, and promptly continued the fight against the government and atrocities on the civilian population. By 1995 the military situation had become desperate, with hit and run raids throughout the country giving the RUF an appearance of great strength. The RUF was at first popular among Sierra Leoneans who resented the corrupt Freetown political elite which had dominated politics in that nation. 〈http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/743684.stm〉 (accessed October 3, 2005). Encyclopedia.com. var d = new Date(); Guardian Unlimited. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list. The Revolutionary United Front (RUF) was organized in 1991 by Foday Sankoh and two partners, Abu Kanu and Rashid Mansaray, along … In the fighting that ensued, an estimated five thousand people died, including cabinet ministers, journalists and lawyers who were specifically targeted.

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