what was the purpose of the selma march

The second march was the most well-known one because Martin Luther King Jr led it. Multiple organizations tried fighting this, and one of the most notable ones was the Dallas County Voters League, organized in 1963 in Selma. March 21, 1965 - About 3,200 people march out of Selma for Montgomery under the protection of federal troops. Fifty years ago, Martin Luther King, Jr., led hundreds of Americans on a planned march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama. Many African-Americans could not vote because of the insanely high discriminatory prerequisites they needed to overcome to do so. However, once the marches started, they could not be stopped. It was part of the larger Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's. The Selma To Montgomery Marches The main goal was to fight for the constitutional right to vote for African-Americans . These three marches show us how important it is to join together during the fight against injustice. The Selma to Montgomery marches were organized to show the outrage peacefully. The main goal was to fight for the constitutional right to vote for African-Americans. During this march, he turned around at the bridge in Selma and led the people back into the city as a symbolic gesture. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com, New Caledonia, French Territory In The Pacific, The Story Of World War II's Nazi Youth Indoctrination Camps, Reasons Why The British Were Successful In Expanding Their Empire. They walk about 12 miles a day and sleep in … When about 600 people started a planned march from Selma to Montgomery, Alabama, on Sunday March 7, 1965, it was called a demonstration. This was when these three protests were organized, and Martin Luther King turned around during the second march. Why were the people marching? Frank M. Johnson, Jr., The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation, Selma-to-Montgomery The reason why the activists organized these marches was to fight for their constitutional right to vote. The first march was inspired by the unfortunate shooting of activist Jimmie Lee Jackson, who died shortly after. It provided some of the most recognized imagery of the civil rights movement and sparked several infamous crimes. It was an extremely important event in the civil rights movement. African-Americans were not allowed to vote back then, and these marches aimed to change that. Its route is now a national historic trail, and re-enactors, some of whom took part in the original march, meet on important anniversaries to retrace the path of the original event. Martin Luther KIng turned around on the second march from Selma to Montgomery. Throughout the American South, there was a much larger movement that was connected with the battle for voting rights, and these marches were a vital part of those protests. Segregation was still going strong in the South, and something needed to be done. It was part of the larger Civil Rights Movement of the 1960's. LeRoy Collins, the governor of Florida, suggested he should first pray as he arrives on the bridge, and then turn around and lead all of the protesters back to Selma in an attempt to get a symbolic accomplishment of crossing the bridge while keeping everyone safe. The many marches led to the Voting Rights Act. By now, most Americans should know the significance of Selma, Alabama. In Selma, African Americans made up almost half the population, but only two percent were registered voters. The demonstrators marched to demand fairness in voter registration. This act prohibited racial discrimination in voting and allowed everyone to vote. The 1965 Selma to Montgomery March was the climactic event of the Selma voting rights demonstrations. The fight for equality is still ongoing, and the position of African Americans has somewhat improved, but they are still being discriminated against. He was shot during a peaceful protest. Itinerary Home | List of Sites | Main Map | Learn More | Next Site. This was when the Dallas County Voters League invited Martin Luther King Jr. to join them and help in their struggles. These organizations did their best in order to try and register black voters. Along with him, many other civil rights activists gathered in Selma at the start of 1965. Alabama Police confront the Selma MarchersFederal Bureau of Investigation Photograph. In response, Wallace issues a declaration forbidding the protest and orders the state troopers to "Use whatever measures are necessary to prevent a march." Discrimination and intimidation tactics aimed at blacks kept them from registering and voting. However, white officials would not budge and were constantly fighting against these attempts and resisting them. Selma March - Selma March - “We Shall Overcome”: LBJ and the 1965 Voting Rights Act: On March 15, just over a week after Bloody Sunday, Pres. On March 7, 1965, when then-25-year-old activist John Lewis led over 600 marchers across the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama and faced brutal attacks by … By Antonia Čirjak on June 16 2020 in History. The American South was extremely problematic on anything concerning race, even in the 20th century. To protest against police brutality and the denial of voting rights King organized a march from Selma to Montgomery, a 50 mile, four day march starting on the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma to the state capitol in Montgomery. President Barack Obama, First Lady Michelle Obama, daughters Sasha and Malia, Marian Robinson, join Rep. John Lewis, and former President George W. Bush and former First Lady Laura Bush during a walk across Edmund Pettus Bridge to commemorate the 50th Anniversary of the "Bloody Sunday" march from Selma to Montgomery, in Selma, Alabama, Saturday, March 7, 2015. To learn more, visit the Teaching with Historic Places home page. Highway Administration's National Scenic Byways Program. Lyndon B. Johnson introduced voting rights legislation in an address to a joint session of Congress. When state troopers met the demonstrators at the edge of the city by the Edmund Pettus Bridge, that day became known as "Bloody Sunday." Many of them were arrested not long after arriving there, all in the effort of silencing their voices. He did so as a symbolic gesture. They served a considerable purpose because they did manage to shed light on racial injustice, and it finally led to the Voting Rights Act. Federal District Court Judge Throughout the American South, there was a much larger movement that was connected with the battle for voting rights, and these marches were a vital part of those protests. The purpose of the March on Selma was to gain voting rights for African Americans. The Selma-to-Montgomery March, National Historic Trail & All-American Road is one of  the subjects of an online lesson plan, The Selma to Montgomery Voting Rights March: Shaking the Conscience of the Nation,  produced by Teaching with Historic Places, a program that offers classroom-ready lesson plans on places listed in the National Register of Historic Places.

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