By 1700, the Iroquois had seceded from Ontario and the Mississaugas of the Ojibwa had settled the north shore of Lake Ontario. Prohibition in Ontario came to an end in 1927 with the establishment of the Liquor Control Board of Ontario under the government of Howard Ferguson.  Ontario's largest trading partner is the American state of Michigan. Please take this into account when making your Topics include Transportation, Dining Scene, Canada: For Foreign Visitors & more! In 2017, Toronto tech firms offered almost 30,000 jobs which is higher than the combination of San Francisco Bay area, Seattle and Washington, D.C. The area bound between the Greater Toronto Area, the Kitchener-Waterloo region and the City of Hamilton was termed a "digital corridor" by the Branham Group, a region highly concentrated with technology companies and jobs similar to Silicon Valley in California. Budget The province harnessed its water power to generate hydro-electric power and created the state-controlled Hydro-Electric Power Commission of Ontario, later Ontario Hydro. There were heavy waves of immigration in the 1840s, and the population of Canada West more than doubled by 1851 over the previous decade. The east is divided from the rest of the region by an extension of the Canadian Shield known as the Frontenac Axis, which crosses the St. Lawrence River east of Kingston and forms the Thousand Islands region. It is bordered to the east by the province of Quebec, to the south by the United States, and to the west by the province of Manitoba.  Toronto is also home to a large startup ecosystem. The Minister of Education is Stephen Lecce, and the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities is Ross Romano.  Industrial rates are projected to rise by 33% by 2018, and 55% in 2033. The population of the Ottawa CMA, in both provinces, is shown. Economy. These regions have higher annual precipitation, in some places over 100 cm (39 in). The British established trading posts on Hudson Bay in the late 17th century and began a struggle for domination of Ontario with the French.  Much of the newer power generation coming online in the last few years is natural gas or combined-cycle natural gas plants. Franco-Ontarians are concentrated in the northeastern, eastern, and extreme Southern parts of the province, where under the French Language Services Act, provincial government services are required to be available in French if at least 10 per cent of a designated area's population report French as their native language or if an urban centre has at least 5,000 francophones. The Attorney-General drafts the laws and is responsible for criminal prosecutions and the administration of justice, while the Solicitor-General is responsible for law enforcement and the police services of the province.  The Mink Mile and Yorkville neighbourhood is one of the most elegant shopping and dining districts in Toronto. travel plans. The metropolitan area of Greater Toronto produces more than half of Canada's manufactured goods. In 1872, the lawyer Oliver Mowat became Premier of Ontario and remained as premier until 1896. Approximately 4.6 per cent of the population were identified as francophones,[note 1] with 11.5 per cent of Ontarians having proficiency in French. In 1788, while part of the Province of Quebec, southern Ontario was divided into four districts: Hesse, Lunenburg, Mecklenburg, and Nassau. It is a giant reproduction of a 1951 Canadian nickel, measuring 9 meters (30 feet) in diameter. There is only about 1 km (0.6 mi) of land border, made up of portages including Height of Land Portage on the Minnesota border. Among the birds are ducks, geese, grouse, hawks, owls, and finches. Sunday shopping in Toronto first got its start in the fashion district in the 1980s. [note 1]. Most of Yonge Street today exists as Highway 11, north of the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). Influenced by events in the United States, the government of Sir William Hearst introduced prohibition of alcoholic drinks in 1916 with the passing of the Ontario Temperance Act. Each quarter, the state of the Ontario economy is updated in the Economic Accounts.An up-to-date snapshot of the economy can be found in the weekly Ontario Economic Update and the monthly Ontario Factsheet.. Also in the Economy section, the Long-Term Report presents a long-range assessment of Ontario's economic and fiscal future. The eastern portion of the region is drained chiefly by tributaries of the Ottawa River. Ontario's basic domestic rate in 2010 was 11.17 cents per kWh; by contrast. Vous utilisez un navigateur désuet qui n’est plus accepté par Ontario.ca. The city provides a diversity of settings and neighbourhoods to shoot films, with production facilitated by Toronto's Film and Television Office. Quebec's was 6.81. Ontario's climate varies by season and location. The Guinness Book of World Records recognized this claim as late as 1998. , The approvals process for transmission projects would also be streamlined and (for the first time in Ontario) the bill would enact standards for renewable energy projects. Ontario surpassed Michigan in car production, assembling 2.696 million vehicles in 2004. , In 2011, the largest religious denominations in Ontario were the Roman Catholic Church (with 31.4% of the population), the United Church of Canada (7.5%), and the Anglican Church (6.1%).  There has been controversy over the Ring of Fire mineral deposit, and whether the province can afford to spend CAD$2.25 billion on a road from the Trans-Canada Highway near Kenora to the deposit, currently valued at CAD$60 billion.. John Graves Simcoe was appointed Upper Canada's first Lieutenant governor in 1793.. Its status as a political centre gave it some stability during periods of economic uncertainty.  In general, most of Ontario's climate is classified as humid continental.. The highest point is Ishpatina Ridge at 693 metres (2,274 ft) above sea level in Temagami, Northeastern Ontario. The rivers of Southern Ontario are short, draining into the Great Lakes from the Western Ontario Upland and from the Oak Ridges Moraine north of Lake Ontario. Chambers, Lori, and Edgar-Andre Montigny, eds. In Southern Ontario, glaciers left a fertile gray-brown podzolic soil over most of the region, although sand plains are found north of Lake Erie and along the eastern Lake Ontario shore. The fashion district is located near King and Spadina, close to the old Chinatown to the north and entertainment district to the east. , The province is named after Lake Ontario, a term thought to be derived from Ontarí:io, a Huron (Wyandot) word meaning "great lake", or possibly skanadario, which means "beautiful water" in the Iroquoian languages. Please note that the discussion was closed to any additional postings as of Nov 1, 2016 Freight rail is dominated by the founding cross-country Canadian National Railway and CP Rail companies, which during the 1990s sold many short rail lines from their vast network to private companies operating mostly in the south. The remaining one fifth is the goods sector. larger than France and Spain , combined. Ontario's wealth of raw materials and hydroelectric power have made Toronto a primary centre of industry. Almost all of Ontario's 2,700 km (1,678 mi) border with the United States follows inland waterways: from the westerly Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers and lakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system. Table 4: Total private sector employment by province and business size, 2017 Meanwhile, Ontario's numerous waterways aided travel and transportation into the interior and supplied water power for development. GDP of Ontario, Canada 2000-2019.  Government subsidies followed shortly; Premier Kathleen Wynne offered CAD$200,000 to cushion the blow, and promised that another processed-food operator would soon be found. John C. Munro Hamilton International Airport serves as cargo hub, reliever for Pearson, and a hub for ULCC Swoop. , Mining and the forest products industry, notably pulp and paper, are vital to the economy of Northern Ontario. Due to the development of the GTA, the old highway lives on as side roads, dead-end roads, or overgrown wooded trails. more than 4 times the size of the UK. As the business and financial capital of the country, and one of the world's largest financial centres as per the British Global Financial Centres Index, Toronto hosts the Toronto Stock Exchange (TSX), the third largest stock exchange in the Americas by market capitalization and ninth in the world as of January 31, 2015.